Scientists of the St. Petersburg Federal Research Center (SPb FRC) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, have developed a system for the delivery of donor blood using autonomous drones. Drones can quickly deliver blood samples or medicines to hard-to-reach places.
“The system consists of a UAV, software that allows you to launch the drone offline, as well as a special suspension for a container with medicines or blood samples,” says Anton Savelyev, head of the laboratory for autonomous robotic systems at the St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The drone can carry up to 15 kg. To reduce shaking, scientists have provided a special mount that dampens the vibrations of the container. The software developed for the system builds a trajectory for the drone from the take-off point to the landing site, taking into account environmental parameters and potentially dangerous areas for bypassing. For example, when driving in a city, such areas can be closed objects or high-rise buildings.
The system of the St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences was tested in the annual tactical-special exercise "Ochag-2022". During the mission, the drone independently flew 2 km at an altitude of 40 meters. According to the results of the flight, the blood samples did not lose their medical qualities, according to the university.
“The use of such systems in the medical field will help save people by reducing the time it takes to deliver blood components and medicines over long distances,” notes Anton Savelyev. As emphasized in the St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, such a system was developed in Russia for the first time.