Russia (bbabo.net), - This winter in the capitals of Russia and Belarus turned out to be snowy: in two months, snowdrifts have covered one and a half meters. And the snow continues to fall. SOYUZ reporters found out who cleans the streets of Moscow and how.
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Like in MoscowAlmost every day, due to heavy snowfalls, the Moscow authorities announce that the specialists of the municipal economy complex are transferred to a high alert mode or round-the-clock work. 12.5 thousand units of communal equipment and 90 thousand public utilities are switching to this mode of operation, among which only 50 thousand are janitors. And also - roofers, equipment operators ...
The main task performed by public utilities is that in a day all roads and sidewalks must be cleared of snow.
For example, weather forecasters promise that up to 10 cm of snow will fall. Operation Snow is announced. Two or three hours after the start of the snowfall, large orange snowplows of the State Budgetary Institution "Automobile Roads" line up on the highways, lined up in a square. They shovel snow to the extreme lane of the road. If there is a lot of snow and it is without reagents, rotary equipment is connected. They throw snow from the side of the road onto the lawns.
At the same time, sidewalks and paths leading to public transport stops, metro stations, the Moscow Central Circle and the Moscow Central Diameters, and social facilities are being cleared of snow. Where there is not enough, they attract janitors with shovels. As Pyotr Biryukov, Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Housing and Communal Services and Improvement, told SOYUZ, this year it is the rotary transfer of freshly fallen snow that is often used. "The snow is clean, it does not spoil the lawns. And it does not interfere with pedestrians," says Biryukov. "It also reduces the time of cleaning and the number of snow removal equipment used."
After clearing the highways, they pass to the roads of district and regional significance. On the second or third day, interyard driveways, more than 32,000 courtyard areas, children's and sports grounds, a pedestrian and path network are cleared... Particular attention is paid to cleaning 17,500 pitched roofs of residential buildings. More than 4,500 crews remove frost from roofs. In some areas, even special aerial platforms for clearing ice were brought in. Sidewalks and streets cleared to asphalt are sprinkled and watered with anti-icing reagents.
As the authorities assure, the composition is useful against slipping and safe for the environment. For roads, a multicomponent composition is used, which includes sodium formate and sodium and potassium chlorides. If the street temperature is above +5 degrees, use the liquid version of this cocktail. In frosty weather, the same reagent is used in the form of granules. There is a recipe for treating sidewalks: the main melter of snow and ice here is formic acid, and marble chips provide an anti-slip effect.
The collected snow, including the one containing reagents, is transported to 56 snow melting points. They are capable of melting up to 650,000 cubic meters of snow per day. The main ice melter here is warm sewer water. At the same time, all the garbage that gets along with the snow does not clog the city's water drainage systems, but remains in special mesh traps. But if there is a lot of precipitation, as this winter, before snowmelting, the cargo is delivered to dry snow dumps. There are such territories in every district, they are located far from residential buildings.
During severe bad weather, help comes to the public utilities. So, in the Lefortovo district, not only 270 janitors, but also 120 employees of the management company, 25 activists from the council go out to clean 191 yards. As Adam Gatalov, the first deputy head of the Lefortovo district council, told SOYUZ, sometimes food is delivered to the janitors directly to the nearest shop. “For lunch, 45 minutes are allotted,” says Adam. “In order not to waste time going to the canteen, we bring food from the field kitchens: buckwheat with meat or, if they want, pilaf. When there are severe frosts, we set up special places for heating: large warm tents. You can come to them to rest for 20-30 minutes after two or three hours of work on the street. " The janitors themselves do not complain about the abundance of work, they are entitled to additional payments for the quality, speed and excess of the norm. In addition, all overalls, equipment and housing are provided by the city free of charge...
As in MinskBelarusian Road Services go to winter mode from mid-October.
- Streets and roads are treated with salt and sand-salt mixtures. They contain natural raw materials. For example, grade A halite is a pure industrial salt. In the second option, sand is added in a ratio of 1:1, - said Vladimir Latushkin, Deputy Director General of the Gorremavtodor of the Minsk City Executive Committee.
For the year, 47 thousand tons of salt and 51.5 thousand tons of sand-salt mixture were prepared for Minsk.
In Minsk, the allowable period during which snow can lie on sidewalks and bus stops is up to a day and a halfEvery day, about 800 public utilities workers are involved in the streets of the Belarusian capital. They clear roads where vehicles cannot reach. For convenience, boxes with de-icing materials are installed at stops. Usually 500-550 pieces of equipment work, and more than 700 on peak days. By this winter, the association has purchased new utility vehicles based on MTZ tractors with modern hydraulic swiveling blades, as well as Amkodor snow loaders.
The maximum allowable period during which snow can lie on sidewalks and stopping points is up to one and a half days. GAI controls that all work is done on time. Areas for storing snow have also been identified. There are nine of them in Minsk. A snow melting point is equipped on Mashinostroiteley Street. Its productivity is about five thousand cubic meters of snow per day.
If the house is served by the housing department or other related organizations, then the communal services remove the snow. When the adjacent territory is transferred for maintenance to associations of owners, they do the cleaning at their own expense.
The fight against icicles and snow caps is mainly carried out by industrial climbers. At the same time, Andrey Novik, deputy general director for ideological work of the Minsk City Housing Authority, said that the housing stock is inspected daily, and dangerous territories are quickly fenced off. But the icicles that form on the peaks of the balconies should be knocked down by the residents themselves. True, they can contact the housing department and order this service, but for a special fee.
TO THE WORD
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