An international team of scientists investigating the Neolithic Jatalhoyuk settlement, which is located near the Turkish city of Konya, came to the conclusion that it is the oldest human settlement on earth.
“Ctalhoyuk in Turkish Konya is a Neolithic settlement. It covers an area of about 13 hectares. The buildings in it are made of adobe bricks. We have come to the conclusion that this is the oldest city in the world,” burial researcher Dr. Elin Scotsman, from the Center for Archeology at the University of Wollongong in Australia, told TRT World.
Scotsman studies the burial rituals of the city's inhabitants, which they resorted to 9,000 years ago.
“The houses in Jatalhoyuk kept ritual inscriptions on the walls. It was customary for the inhabitants of the rooms to be buried under the floor. Subsequently, the skeleton of the deceased was removed and painted in different colors of his bones,” she says.
Jatalhoyuk is of such importance because it is one of the first settlements in the world where people began to practice agriculture, leaving hunting and gathering behind.
According to the scientist, about 8,000 people lived in the city.
Jatalhoyuk has been studied before. In 2012, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. However, for the first time, scientists working in the city agreed that it was the oldest settlement on the planet.